Dynamic Normal Forms and Dynamic Characteristic Polynomial

Gudmund Skovbjerg Frandsen, Piotr Sankowski


We present the first fully dynamic algorithm for computing the characteristic polynomial of a matrix. In the generic symmetric case our algorithm supports rank-one updates in O(n^2 log n) randomized time and queries in constant time, whereas in the general case the algorithm works in O(n^2 k log n) randomized time, where k is the number of invariant factors of the matrix. The algorithm is based on the first dynamic algorithm for computing normal forms of a matrix such as the Frobenius normal form or the tridiagonal symmetric form. The algorithm can be extended to solve the matrix eigenproblem with relative error 2^{-b} in additional O(n log^2 n log b) time. Furthermore, it can be used to dynamically maintain the singular value decomposition (SVD) of a generic matrix. Together with the algorithm the hardness of the problem is studied. For the symmetric case we present an Omega(n^2) lower bound for rank-one updates and an Omega(n) lower bound for element updates.

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DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.7146/brics.v15i2.21937
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ISSN: 0909-0878 

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